Physical Therapy- What You Need to Know

At some point in our lives, we may find that we need to see a physical therapist. Let us look at some of the reasons why this applies:

Lower Back Pain

Many of us will suffer from this in various degrees throughout our lives; the extent to which we require treatment will depend on the severity of the problem.

Difficulty with mobility, soreness on touch, muscle spasms, dull aching pain, stiffness and or swelling, weakness, and tingling in the foot or leg are all features of lower back pain. These need to be investigated and treated as early as possible in order to prevent or head off future issues.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

This is a very common nerve disorder affecting the hands, with the vast majority of cases presenting in women aged between 40 and 55 years. It is often work-related.

If you have this, you will know about it! You will experience pain in the wrist and hand and your fingers will tend to curl inwards. Surgery is used for the most serious of cases.

Tennis Elbow

So named because it usually affects tennis players, this is a strain in the elbow joint which causes issues (pain or swelling) with the elbow, wrist, or shoulder.

Treatment can be a log process and involve muscle or laser therapy.

Migraines and Headaches

A headache is one of the most common conditions that man can experience. Most of the time a couple of paracetamols will solve the problem but more serious and persistent headaches do require investigation by a physical therapist

Treatments vary according to the type and source of the issue and will depend on a clear diagnosis.


Chronic joint and muscle pain, cramps in the leg/s, excessive fatigue, dizziness, and trouble concentrating are symptoms.

A clear diagnosis is required in order to address the issue. Treatments may include muscle therapy, spinal manipulation techniques, and physical therapy.

Neck Pain

This can be caused by numerous issues; one of the most common is whiplash injury, perhaps as a result of an automobile accident.

The specific cause will first have to be investigated and diagnosed. Treatment will depend on the diagnosis and may include physical therapy and spinal manipulation.

Pinched Nerves or Sciatica 

Sharp pain in the lower back, weakness, or pins and needles are symptoms of a trapped nerve. It can be caused by a variety of things such as poor posture, arthritis, and stress (caused by repetitive tasks or work). 

Treatment depends, of course, on the diagnosis. Traction to elongate the spine is often used along with a procedure called Active Release which applies pressure to the spine.

Strains and Sprains

These are usually work or sports-related – typically, injuries that involve the tearing or stretching of ligaments, particularly when the tendons or muscles are accidentally twisted.

Treatments vary according to the specific injury but can include manipulation, ice treatment (to reduce swelling) and home exercise. At present if anyone wants to be a physiotherapist, they can take the benefit of pre-health shadowing.

Physical therapy is a vital component of recovery from a range of injuries, and it is always important to consider this at the earliest opportunity not only to get treatment but also to avoid problems getting worse and head off possible future issues.